Health, Development and People

The twentieth century witnessed the most fundamental changes in global healthcare. In Britain it gave birth to the National Health Service (NHS), which ensured free access to healthcare, irrespective of people's ability to pay for it. Globally, in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, health was aligned to questions of poverty, nutrition, maternity and children's health and rural development. It involved developing rural health services, medical education, hospitals and dispensaries, indigenous medicine, paramedical training, family welfare, primary health centres, health education and community health volunteers.

This unit will introduce students to the global movements around health, development and universal healthcare in the post-World War 2 era. It will analyse the various national projects in Europe, Latin America and Asia to tackle problems of poverty, malnutrition, sanitation, medical infrastructure and curative and preventive health measures in rural and urban areas. It will introduce students to the roles of the state, the civil society, individuals in establishing and delivering public healthcare.

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